Bionanotechnology is the use of nanotechnology, understood as the study of materials that have a dimension in a nanometer range.
Although this discipline has been more associated with physics and chemistry, the novelty of CBIB’s work in this matter is focused on how to use this materials in several biological applications related to medicine, cells and such, that will allow to seize the properties of these nanomaterials for developing technologies from a biological point of view (for example, how to use the properties of nanomaterials to develop new drugs).
In CBIB, specifically in the Bionanotechnology and Microbiology Lab, the research is focused on how to use cells or biological systems to produce nanomaterials. And instead of doing these processes through a chemical way, the cells and bacteria in the lab are forced to produce these nanomaterials, that will have new applications and properties.
The lab also focuses on seize the unique and exclusive features of Chile´s environmental diversity (extreme high and low temperatures, soil, etc) to look for special microorganisms that can be used in the production of different types of nanomaterials and nanoparticles that can serve to many purposes.
CBIB has centered its work on a specific type of fluorescent particles called “quantum dots”, that are used in the manufacturing of solar cells.
Recently, the Center added a new research line for the study of copper and lithium nanoparticles. This, with the aim of contribute to the generation of knowledge and added value from nanotechnology to the country. In this sense, most of CBIB’s projects are focused on sintetize lithium and copper particles.